1571-72: Revolt of Tupac Amaru I in Peru. 1542: The Spanish Crown issues Las Nuevas Leyes (The New Laws) to protect the Indians. Language. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. (For more detailed information, see this Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998.). 1968: Latin American bishops meeting in Medellín, Colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor.'. Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. Created by. 1700: Philip V becomes king of Spain, and the Bourbon dynasty replaces the dynasty of the South America’s history was put on a completely different trajectory with Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the Americas in the 1490s. 1824: Last patriot victories against the Spaniards: Bolívar at Junín in August and Sucre at etc. 1961-69: Kennedy's Alliance for Progress tries to bring reform and development to Latin America. 1961: Nicaraguan guerrillas organize the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). The Aztects found Tenochtitlan. 1815: Simón Bolívar forced to retreat to the island of Jamaica. Captain John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas. 450-750 CE: Theocratic empire develops at Teotihuacán in Mexico with a large urban center and Cortes and his men marched into the interior of the country until they reached the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan. Match. Gravity. Women and illiterate peasants gain the right to vote. Latin American History Timeline (Events) STUDY. 2000-400 BCE: The beginnings of hieroglyphic writing & calendrics with the Olmec in Mexico. of National Liberation and commanded by a charismatic leader known as Subcomandante Marcos. F1408.29 .S68 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures & Daily Life. Hispanic-American history is American history. Correct 0. 1615: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala finishes Nueva Corónica y buen gobierno to King Philip III GN 333 .W67 1998 Reference; Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. The Olmec are also known for their monolithic stone heads. 1500: Pedro Álvares Cabral claims the Brazilian "hump" for Portugal. By 1825, Mexico, Central America, and South America were free, soon to be followed by Brazil. 950-1150 CE: The formation of militaristic empires, wars, invasions with the Toltecs in Mexico 1777: Establishment of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. of material culture. At that time there were no full-time Gospel preachers in Panama. In 1513, this claim was reinforced by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean, when he claimed all lands adjoining this ocean for the Spanis… 1970: Salvador Allende in Chile elected president in Chile, and becomes the first democratically insurrection. 1544: First viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, arrives in Peru with the New Laws, which triggers civil United States wins the Mexican-American War. He will PLAY. 1 Jun, 2020 Sound On/Off. Human activity shaped the environment of Latin America long before the arrival of Europeans in the late 1400s. 1819: Colombian and Venezuelan independence. Period: Jan 7, 1300. to Jan 7, 2011. 1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides the New World between Spain and Portugal. 1927: Augusto Cesár Sandino launches first Sandinista uprising in Nicaragua. — 1493 Papal Bulls of Donation give Portugal and Spain rights in the “New World.” — 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas divides the “New World” between Spain and Portugal. Chile and Bolivia went to war after spending decades arguing over a border dispute. 1570-71: The Inquisition is established in Lima and Mexico City. 1838: United Provinces of Central America breaks into five republics (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica). 1974-1976: Isabel Martínez de Perón assumes presidency of Argentina. Christian History timeline: Latin American Christianity [Antonio de Montesinos shouts against slavery / Wikimeda] — 1492 Columbus lands on Guanahani, which he renames San Salvador. Richard Grimmet, Instances of Use of Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2001. 1813: Morelos convokes the first Mexican Congress, which formally declares Mexican 1954: General Stroessner comes to power in Paraguay. Artigas Pueyrredón offered to help but he refused. 200 BCE - 600 CE: Weaving & mummy bundles at Paracas on the southern Peruvian coast. 0:00.0. Cuban gains independence from Spain; United States takes 1956: US-supported dictator Anastasio Somoza assassinated in Nicaragua. 2000-200 BCE: Improvements in agriculture, culture, and social structures. 1976: On March 24, generals Videla, Massera and Agosti form a military junta in Argentina. and beginnings of agriculture and village life. honor of Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512). 1898: Spanish-Cuban-American War. Ayacucho in December. The widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology, disease and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres transformed life in Europe, the Americas and Africa. 5/1958 * Vice President Richard Nixon meets strong anti-American sentiment on his "good will" tour of Latin America. 600-1000 CE: Monolithic stone architecture at Tiwanaku by Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. Due to its slow motion from October 29 to November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amounts of rainfall in Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Peru, which had a military alliance with Bolivia, was drawn into the war as well. Timeline: Latin America. 1929: Plutarco Calles establishes the National Revolutionary Party (later the PRI) which then rules Mexico as a one-party state for the next seventy years. 1982: Colombian Gabriel García Márquez awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. 1511: Atuey leads Indigenous resistance to Spanish settlement of Cuba. 28 May 2020. It is the ancient Aztec Capital, cite of Mexico City today. Their resulting "guerra sucia" (Dirty War) lasted until 1983 and killed or "vanished" thousands of people. Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily . Elections in the Americas. Many Mexicans thought he was a good leader for their country. 1200-1532 CE: The Inka form the Tawantinsuyu empire in the Andes with sophisticated and very Important dates through the chronology of the United States. 1000-1492 CE: Urban, stratified, militarized, imperialistic empires with no important Ronald Reagan orders U.S. forces to invade the small Caribbean island to halt Cuban work on an airstrip. 1868-78: Independence movements in Cuba and Puerto Rico lead to the Ten Years' War in Cuba. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain's former colonies had declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. in South America. the War of Independence against Spain. 1952: The National Revolutionary Movement (MNR) comes to power in Bolivia. Spell. 1977-80: President Jimmy Carter makes human rights a major goal in his Latin American policy. 1992: Peace agreement ends civil war in El Salvador. 1542: Bartolomé de las Casas writes Devastation of the Indies to push the "New Laws" to reform | firstname.lastname@example.org |, Chronological history of the peace talks between the EZLN and the Mexican government, 1994-1998. 600-800 CE: Rise of large urban cities & empires at Huari in Peruvian Highlands. G63 .W67 2004 v.3 Reference; Circulating Items Circulating Items: Morgan Stacks, Maps . 1811: Venezuela and Paraguay declare independence from Spain. 1975: Cuban government passes law making childcare and housework equal responsibility of men and women. 1855-1876: Period of Benito Juárez in Mexico. Aztecs found Tenochtitlan Founded in 1325, it became the seat of the growing Aztec Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the Spanish in 1521. elected socialist to take power in Latin America. 1954: CIA overthrows constitutional government of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. Peru gains independence. 1950: Women gain the franchise in El Salvador. 1944: Guatemalan revolution overthrows Jorge Ubico. In 1816 Portuguese troops invaded Uruguay again. 1492: Christopher Columbus is lost at sea and is rescued by Arawak Indians in the Bahamas 1964: Military coups end MNR rule in Bolivia and democractic rule in Brazil. 1996: Peace agreement in Guatemala, but human rights violations continue. This game is part of a tournament. 3500-1700 BCE:Early ceramics and fertility figurines appear at Valdivia on the Ecuadorian coast 1/1959 * Dictator Fulgencio Batista, supported by the US until 1958, flees Castro's revolution in Cuba. 1932: Women gain the franchise in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay. 1537: Pope Paul III decides Indians have souls. Ege & Makhijani. 1901: Platt Amendment to Cuba's new constitution gives the U.S. the unilateral right to intervene Novelist John Steinbeck publishes Tortilla Flat, a novel about Mexican American life in the United States. Harry S. Truman becomes the first president to visit Mexico City, laying a wreath at the foot of the U.S.-Mexican war monument to the Niños Heroes. 1876: Porfirio Díaz overthrows Lerdo de Tejada and becomes President in Mexico. 1889: Abdication of Pedro II in Brazil; Brazil proclaimed a republic. 1947: Women gain the franchise in Argentina and Venezuela. 1531: Virgin of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego on a hill outside of Mexico City. Latin America History Timeline created by mariapuente03. Using the Napoleonic invasion of Spain as an excuse, most of Latin America declared independence from Spain in 1810. Rigoberta Menchú, an Indian leader from Guatemala, wins Nobel Peace Prize for her human rights work. control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Phillippines. 1799-1803: German geographer Alexander von Humboldt explores Mexico and South America. Jan 1, 1608. | Marc Becker's Home Page 1961: Paraguay becomes the last country in Latin America to grant women the right to vote. Test. Timeline for Colonial Latin America, 1492-1824 Colonial Latin American Profiles and Personalities Moments and Events in Late Colonial Latin America Analysis of Arthur Syzk’s “Bolívar and Sucre at Junin,” oil on canvas (1950) History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The independence of Latin America: After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. 1909-33: U.S. Marines occupy Nicaragua, Haiti, and Dominican Republic. Mar 1, 1519. 0%. highlands. 1823: United States issues the Monroe Doctrine which warning Europe against the recolonization 1982: British victory in the Malvinas/Falklands war leads to the collapse of the military government in Argentina and a return to civilian rule. 1932: A peasant uprising in El Salvador leads to the death of 30,000 Indians. too few (you: not rated) Category. The Panama Canal is a land bridge that connects the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. treatment of Indians. 1513: Vasco Nuñez de Balboa views the "South Sea" from Panama, the Pacific Ocean. 1929: Conservatives grant women the right to vote in Ecuador, the first country in Latin America to do so. Central America have been governed by Mexico then they declared independence from Mexico and became the United Provinces. 1511: Sermon of Antonio de Montesinos criticizing colonists' treatment of the Indians. 1750: Treaty of Madrid shifts Spanish-Portuguese border in South America. 1524: Council of the Indies established to help administer the new colonies. Quit. 1895: José Martí launches war for Cuban Independence and is killed. 1940: The First Inter-American Indigenist Congress held in Pátzcuaro, Mexico leads to the formation of the Instituto Indigenista Interamericana (III). 1988: The PRI uses electoral fraud to prevent Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of gaining the presidency in Mexico. 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